Why Child Development Psychology Is Important ?
When i was younger , my school teachers always says that “children is the foundation of a country .” This is very true .
Bringing up a super kid that is high in IQ and EQ is not easy AT ALL ! In this competing world , it is no longer the hardworking that win the race , i mean working hard still freaking important , but what is more important is the creative and innovative mind ,that able to reinvent the wheel .
Therefore , as a parent , we need to know how to build and develop the creative and innovative mind of our children , so when they grown up , they are competitive enough to be at the top .
Child Development Psychology Stages
A child”s development can be divided into three areas :
1. Physical development.
Physical is the body development of a child , such as how children grow in size, muscles become stronger and more coordinated.
2. Cognitive development.
Cognitive development is a very important part in a child development process . Cognitive involve the changes in how children perceive the world , think, process information, store and retrieve memories, solve problems , and it is also a vital of language and speech development . Cognitive is pretty “everything about the brain”.
3. Socio-emotional development.
Social-emotional development includes the child’s experience, expression, and management of emotions and the ability to establish positive and rewarding relationships with others (1) .
The main elements in this development is the emotional development which include the ability to identify and understand one’s own feelings.
What Are The Periods Of Child Development?
Periods of development consist of a 6 phases a child goes through. Lets examine each phases in this child development .
1. Prenatal period
This is the development phase where the organism occurs before its birth .Yeah , is pretty much from “the eggs”. A single celled organism becomes a human body at delivery.
2. Infancy and toddlerhood
This is the phase where from birth to 2 years.At this stage we can observe the changes happen in motor, perceptual and intellectual capacities. At this stage , a child start exploring their senses .
3. Early childhood
This stage happen from 2 years to 6 years , children become more self-controlled. Most children enjoy social interactions and develop in thought and language . They are able to have more communication with others and the world by making choices and comments.
4. Middle childhood
This stage happen from 6 years to 11 years.At this stage, they all posses good motor skills, have more logical thought processes and should have basic reading and writing skills. Children now are ready to participate in sports and are able to reason and make judgements .
This group of children group is from 11 years to 18 years. It is a start to adulthood. Some says that this is the hardest stage for parent as puberty takes place, and children can engage in abstract thoughts. This is where most of the arguments ,fighting back take place between the child and parent .
6. Emerging adulthood
This stage is from 18 years to 25 years. In this stage , they started to explore in love, career and personal values. This stage is where most of the individual trying to look for their identity , who they really are , what they want to do . Many individuals during this stage are in higher education.
So , in this article we have talk about the child development psychology stages and also the the periods of child development .